Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid

Organic gardeners can avert a great many crop ailments and pests by using thoughtful companion planting. The chart below, which includes information found in one of my favorite garden resource books, The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible by Edward C.

Companion Planting

Smith, as well as from a variety of other sources, can help you determine which vegetables to plant together, and which ones to space far apart for maximum effectiveness at deterring various insects and diseases.

The Vegetable Gardeners Bible
The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible by Edward C. Smith

Asparagus

Asparagus
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 37

Garden Friends: Basil, nasturtium, parsley, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Garlic, onion


Bean, bush

Bush Bean
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 38

Garden Friends: Beet, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celeriac, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, leek, marigold, parsnip, pea, potato, radish, rosemary, strawberry, sunflower
Garden Adversaries: Basil, fennel, kohlrabi, onion family (see bottom of this chart for members)


Bean, pole

Pole Beans
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 39

Garden Friends: Carrot, cauliflower, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, marigold, pea, potato, rosemary, strawberry
Garden Adversaries: Basil, beet, cabbage, fennel, kohlrabi, onion family, radish, sunflower


Beet

Beet
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 40

Garden Friends: Bush bean, cabbage family (see bottom of this chart for members), corn, leek, lettuce, lima bean, onion, radish
Garden Adversaries: Mustard, pole bean


Broccoli

Broccoli
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 41

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, carrot, celery, chard, cucumber, dill, kale, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onion family, oregano, potato, rosemary, sage, spinach, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Lima, pole, and snap bean, strawberry


Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 42

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, carrot, celery, cucumber, lettuce, nasturtium, onion family, pea, potato, radish, spinach, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Kohlrabi, pole bean, strawberry


Cabbage

Cabbage
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 43

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, carrot, celery, cucumber, dill, kale, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onion family, potato, rosemary, sage, spinach, thyme
Garden Adversaries: Pole bean, strawberry


Canteloupe

Canteloupe
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 44

Garden Friends: Corn
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Carrot

Carrot
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 45

Garden Friends: Bean, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, chive, leaf lettuce, leek, onion, pea, pepper, red radish, rosemary, sage, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Celery, dill, parsnip


Cauliflower

Cauliflower
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 46

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, carrot, celery, cucumber, dill, kale, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onion family, potato, rosemary, sage, spinach, tomato
Garden Adversaries:


Celery

Celery
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 47

Garden Friends: Bush bean, cabbage family (especially cauliflower), leek, parsley, pea, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Carrot, parsnip


Corn

Corn
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 48

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, cabbage, cantaloupe, cucumber, morning glory, parsley, pumpkin, squash
Garden Adversaries: Tomato


Cucumber

Cucumber
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 49

Garden Friends: Bush bean, cabbage family, corn, dill, eggplant, lettuce, nasturtium, pea, radish, sunflower, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Potato, sage


Eggplant

Eggplant
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 50

Garden Friends: Bush bean, pea, pepper, potato
Garden Adversaries: None


Kale

Kale
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 51

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, cabbage, celery, cucumber, lettuce, nasturtium, onion, potato, spinach, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Pole bean


Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 52

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, celery, cucumber, lettuce, nasturtium, onion, potato, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Lima, pole, and snap bean, strawberry


Leek

Leek
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 53

Garden Friends: Beet, bush bean, carrot, celeriac, celery, onion, parsley, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Pole bean


Lettuce

Romaine

Garden Friends: Everything, but especially carrot, garlic, onion family, and radish
Garden Adversaries: None


Lima Bean

Lima Beans
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 54

Garden Friends: Beet, radish
Garden Adversaries: None


Onion Family

Onion
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 55

Garden Friends: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, kohlrabi, leek. early lettuce, parsnip, pepper, spinach, strawberry, tomato, turnip
Garden Adversaries: Asparagus, bean, pea, sage


Parsley

Parsley
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 56

Garden Friends: Asparagus, corn, tomato
Garden Adversaries: None


Parsnip

Parsnip
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 57

Garden Friends: Bush bean, garlic, onion, pea, pepper, potato, radish
Garden Adversaries: Caraway, carrot, celery


Pea

Peas
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 58

Garden Friends: Bean, carrot, celery, chicory, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, radish, spinach, strawberry, sweet pepper, turnip
Garden Adversaries: Onion family


Pepper

Pepper
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 59

Garden Friends: Carrot, eggplant, onion, parsnip, pea, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Fennel, kohlrabi


Potato

Potato
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 60

Garden Friends: Bush bean, cabbage family, corn, eggplant (as trap crop), marigold, parsnip, pea
Garden Adversaries: Cucumber, pumpkin, raspberry, rutabaga, squash family, sunflower, tomato, turnip


Pumpkin

Pumpkin
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 61

Garden Friends: Corn, eggplant, nasturtium, radish
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Radish

Radish
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 62

Garden Friends: Bean, beet, cabbage family, carrot, chervil, corn, cucumber, leaf lettuce, melon, nasturtium, parsnip, pea, spinach, squash family, sweet potato, tomato
Garden Adversaries: Hyssop


Rutabaga

Rutabaga
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 63

Garden Friends: Nasturtium, onion family, pea
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Spinach

Spinach
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 64

Garden Friends: Cabbage family, celery, legumes, lettuce, onion, pea, radish, strawberry
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Squash

Squash
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 65

Garden Friends: Celeriac, celery, corn, dill, melon, nasturtium, onion, radish
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Strawberry

Strawberries
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 66

Garden Friends: Bean, borage, lettuce, onion, pea, spinach
Garden Adversaries: Cabbage family


Sweet Potato

Sweet potato
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 67

Garden Friends: Aromatic herbs such as summer savory (helps deter sweet potato weevils), thyme, oregano, and dill.
Garden Adversaries: Squash, watermelon, or anything similar that has a vine that spreads on the ground


Tomato

Tomato
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 68

Garden Friends: Asparagus, basil, bee balm, bush bean, carrot, celery, chive, cucumber, garlic, head lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium. onion, parsley, pepper, pot marigold
Garden Adversaries: Dill, fennel, pole bean, potato


Turnip

Turnip
Companion Planting: Learn which plants grow well together and which pairings you should avoid 69

Garden Friends: Onion family, pea
Garden Adversaries: Potato


Companion Gardening

What is the Cabbage Family?

Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, kohlrabi, cauliflower

What is the Onion Family?

Chives, leeks, garlic, onion, scallions


Want to plant something right now but you don’t have any seeds on hand?

Old Time Knowledge - Basic Preparedness

Get Old Time Knowledge in your inbox!

Pantry preparedness, gardening, canning, and traditional skills.

One more step! Check your email and confirm your subscription to get your free PDF download. You might need to check your spam folder. If the email is there, just drag it into your Inbox so your email program will learn not to send messages from Old Time Knowledge to spam.

%d bloggers like this: